Juglans Wood

Butternut Natural Edge Slabs. LITTLE WALNUT Beside the little Dry Frio River running behind the cabin, at the edge of a low terrace of limestone cobbles deposited by floodwaters long ago, at first I thought a cluster of pale-barked, little trees about 15 feet tall (4. Juglans Cinerea: The American White Walnut Dennis Robert Hattermann Eastern Illinois University This research is a product of the graduate program inBotanyat Eastern Illinois University. Can exceed 160’. , occasionally planted, resembles Juglans hindsii but has leaflets uniformly pubescent abaxially, nuts deeply grooved, coarsely warty. It is most common in the planted setting along streets and in yards, but naturalized populations have been observed. This tree produces drooping clusters of sweet nuts which are used in baking and loved by wildlife. , Juglans cathayensis Dode, and Juglans mandshurica Maxim. Juglans regia L. ), and black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia). Juglans regia is known by several common names including Persian walnut, common walnut, English walnut, Carpathian walnut and Madeira nut. The wood is heavy, hard, and stiff and has high shock resistance. Spread of this disease may occur via movement of. Mansouri and K. To learn more about grades and cuts of wood, click the links below: Grades of Wood Cuts of Wood. Nahimana Juglans can be simply translated into "mystic walnut". Three Juglans regia and two California black walnuts can be compared side by side in Menlo Park on Oak Avenue near Olive Street. This is a tree originally from North America featuring dark-coloured timber and bark with edible seeds. About 20% of these are herbal extract, 4% are abrasives, and 3% are wood flooring. Juglans regia (English Walnut) and Juglans nigra (Black Walnut) are the two most important trees for timber and nuts. Prevent the introduction of thousand cankers disease into Vermont. The wood is generally straight-grained, but sometimes with wavy or curly grain that produces an attractive and decorative figure. The crown is oval with light green foliage. Above: Picture of a Walnut fireplace surround built by Rob Pelc. The black walnut tree is known for the beautiful quality wood it produces, and the tree is grown and harvested for its premium hardwood. of Botany and Plant Pathology. The word juglans is the classic Latin name of walnut, meaning nut of Jupiter. The rind of unripe fruits is a good source of tannin. english walnut, persian walnut, carpathian walnut juglans regia. What does walnut mean? Information and translations of walnut in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Firewood iii. In honor of his discovery this new species of walnut was named Juglans. white walnut) is a highly valued hardwood species native to eastern North American forests. Description 14-16" wide full-length net x 42-44" long. ) are similar in many respects. Trees grow to over 75 feet tall. The nuts are harder to extract than those of the more common Juglans regia which is the common walnut variety. A walnut is the edible seed of a drupe, and thus not a true botanical nut. Additional Exotic Wood Options. Figured Walnut Wood Veneer This categeory consists of American Black Walnut veneer mostly from the mid-atlantic area of the United States. Thanks to Craig P. It is a light-demanding species, requiring full sun to grow well. It is the best for home utensils. Abet Laminati S. Woestec a Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, 715 State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA b Department. Not a common tree, the Butternut has sticky buds, twigs and fruits. The grain can be straight, curly, wavy or bird’s eye. The mesophyll containing crystals. Not all species are listed or available. jpg: Juglans_1c. Fast growing, stately trees with large ornamental leaves, sought after as specimen trees. Please refer to our Pricelist for a more up-to-date list of what we currently have in stock. bearing large nut and used for its figured wood. This tree produces drooping clusters of sweet nuts which are used in baking and loved by wildlife. The nut shell has also been used as a fuel, and, as with hickory, carbonized shell fragments are abundant in archaeological sites. Acoustic Guitar Wood - order today with StewMAX FREE Shipping! Main Menu View Cart View Cart. "Juglans nigra L. Walnut trees, genus Juglans, are plants which mostly grow in the northern hemisphere. Características estándar. However, only three traditional varieties grown for their commercial purposes are English or Persian walnut (Juglans regia), Black walnut (Juglans nigra), and the White or butternut walnut (Juglans cinerea). diameter branch. 35” covered area per case: 22 sq. The studied species were Quercus robur (pedunculate oak) and Juglans regia (Persian walnut), which are used in multipurpose plantations for wood production in Europe (Ducousso and Bordacs 2004; Voulgaridis and Vassiliou 2005; Mohni et al. The black walnut wood that we store has a rich brown lustrous heartwood with a grain pattern that categorizes itself in between grainy woods like oak and uniform textured woods such maple and poplar. Making utensils. Encargué a Juglans & Regia un mobiliario para mi oficina. Our Planed All Round American Black Walnut is accurately machined using state of the art German technology, ensuring you receive timber that is perfectly smooth and straight, making it a pleasure to work with. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Hinds, California Black and Claro are the three names used interchangeably for this West Coast Walnut with Claro being the most commonly used. Juglans nigra chambered pith of a twig, light brown. It is easy to work and holds metal parts with little wear or risk of splitting. Family: Juglandaceae. A yellow dye is obtained from the green husks. diversity of Persian walnut (Juglans regia) in the cold-temperate zone of the United States and Europe Aziz Ebrahimia,∗, AbdolKarim Zareib, James R. Trees: Walnut - Juglans regia, J nigra and Juglans genus 🌳 by Trees woods & forest gardens This would have the added benefits of removing dead wood and stimulating shoot formation. It's a fast growing medium sized deciduous tree, often planted as a shade tree. It is prized for its wood and great stature in old age. Juglans nigra factsheet at the Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation. The Eastern black walnut grows best in coves and well-drained bottoms, as found in the Appalachians and the Midwest. Approximately 98. Section Juglans: Leaves are large (20–45 cm), with 5–9 broad leaflets, hairless, margins entire. Free Online Library: Effect of juglone from Juglans mandshurica bark on the activity of wood decay fungi. butternut (countable and uncountable, plural butternuts) A North American walnut tree, Juglans cinerea. As a wood, walnut tends to have a hard, dense, and tight grain which has a smooth finish when polished. The dried fruit rind is used to paint doors, window frames etc (it probably protects the wood due to its tannin content). variation in quantitative vessel element features of juglans regia wood in the western black sea region of turkey variaciÓn en caracterÍsticas cuantitativas de elementos de vaso en madera de juglans regia en la regiÓn occidental del mar negro, turquÍa. Walnut trees are any species of tree in the plant genus Juglans, the type genus of the family Juglandaceae, the seeds of which are referred to as walnuts. Corvallis, OR 97331-2903. A dye made from the fruit of this walnut tree. Image 5024084 is of walnut twig beetle (Pityophthorus juglandis ) damage on black walnut. Butternut Tree - Juglans cinerea Family Juglandaceae. Alternate, pinnately compound with 15-23 leaflets. The wood is free from warping and checking, takes a high polish, and is durable, making it highly prized for furniture, cabinet work, and gunstocks. The Latin name for black walnut, Juglans nigra, means black or dark nut of Jupiter. Black walnuts, or Juglans nigra, grow wild across the United States and are the second most cultivated walnut in North America, following English walnuts. The fruit is a nut that is enclosed in a thick leathery casing and is used frequently in baked goods, or eaten plain. The narrow sapwood is almost dead white, but the heartwood is a very light brown, possibly with some pink tones and the occasional dark brown streak…the streaks can make for. Walnut (Juglans spp. Interesting Facts: Native Americans used the wood to fashion spears for hunting. Hardy to 10 degrees F. Its heartwood ranges from a golden to rich chocolate brown colour, sometimes with narrow streaks of a darker purplish-brown. width/length: 14"/57" thickness variation: 0. The wood or bark of this walnut tree. Juglans draconis Dode Juglans draconis var. Juglans nigra L. English walnut has a number of other uses including: dyes, herbicides, oil, paint, polish, a repellent, tannin, and wood. Notes: Black walnut tree roots contain juglone, a toxic substance released when the the roots of other juglone-sensitive species come in contact with walnut roots. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Wrinkled edible seed of the large deciduous tree Juglans regia. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. Ipe (Tabebuia serrantifolia), Massaranduba (Manilkara bidendeta ) Nanciton (Hieronyma alchorneoides) Tigerwood ( Astronium graveolens) Coyote (Platymiscium yucatanum) Cocobolo (Dalbergia retusa/tucurensis) Jatoba (Hymenaea courbaril ) Balsamo (Myroxylon balsamum ) Primavera (Cybixtax Donnell-smithii). Whether they affect someone and how badly the problems are depends on the amount of exposure and the body chemistry of the individual. Juglans nigra Black Walnut Pronunciation. This makes it the perfect wood for tables. Although the mineral content in the Turkish soil gives the wood a different color, it still has the dark brown or black mineral lines. Butternut is a deciduous tree growing to 25m by 20m at a steady rate. Lighter in color than Eastern Black Walnut (Juglans regia) it is often found with curly and quilted figure. Black walnut gets its name from both its dark timber and dark brown to black bark. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository Juglans duclouxiana Dode Wood Young branch cut opened Illustrations. American black walnut is native to the United States. società a socio unico - Sede. George Rink. The wood is even-grained, grayish brown with dark brown streaks and is highly valued for furniture and gunstocks [4]. The name of the species “regia”, Latin, comes from “regius”, regal, that is, tree of the kings, due to the valued production of fruits and wood. The husk of the fruit is used as a source of tannins[331 ]. racemosa Krussman (1986) Juglans regia var. The demand for walnut wood in the world market is great and since the availability of such wood doesn’t satisfy the demand, a number of other woods with similar properties are used as substitutes for walnut wood (Roussodimos, 1990; Vassiliou and Aidinidis, 2004) However, the true walnut wood originated from the European walnut (Juglans regia. T1 - Dense but flexible wood-How leaf nodes impact xylem mechanics in Juglans californica. The wood is heavy, hard, and stiff and has high shock resistance. View sales history, tax history, home value estimates, and overhead views. The wood has been celebrated as one of the finest available in North America and is a prized furniture wood. Narrow sapwood is pale yellow and is clearly differentiated from the heartwood. ) are similar in many respects. Utley and N. large prismatic crystals in axial aprenchyma cells (absent in Juglans regia). Find out more about the program. 4 synonyms for Juglans regia: Circassian walnut, English walnut, English walnut tree, Persian walnut. Wood is extremely valuable. This list covers both domestic and exotic. Black walnut wood is dark, hard, dense and tight-grained. Juglans nigra, Black Walnut s of c www. Walnut Juglans nigra. Alternate, pinnately compound with 15-23 leaflets. Its cooperative working characteristics, coupled with its rich brown coloration puts the wood in a class by itself among temperate-zone hardwoods. (butternut) is a hard-wood species native to the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ranging from New Brunswick to Georgia and west to Minnesota and Arkansas (Rink, 1990). cordiformis) varieties (Imshu, Campbell CW1, and Campbell CW3) were examined and compared with those of two Persian walnut (Juglans regia L. Figured Walnut Wood Veneer This categeory consists of American Black Walnut veneer mostly from the mid-atlantic area of the United States. Black walnut oil has got its own unique combination of health benefits, which are quite different from the common walnut oil. purpurea Krussman (1986) Juglans regia var. Juglans is a very important source of edible nuts, dyes, and wood for cabinet work, furniture, and construction. The trunk is strong, and the bark is smooth, and grey. It is not very stable and quickly goes rancid. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness. This wood typically comes from the pacific northwestern United States. These compounds cause walnuts to stain cars, sidewalks, porches, and patios, in addition to the hands of anyone attempting to shell them. Walnut LATIN NAME: Juglans nigra OTHER COMMON NAMES: black walnut. Intolerant of clay and poor drainage. Figured Walnut Wood Veneer This categeory consists of American Black Walnut veneer mostly from the mid-atlantic area of the United States. regia, an ornamental, and for lumber where it is referred to as claro wood. You may also like. All products made from Exotic wood are light sensitive and exposure to light will change their colors to make them look darker or lighter which is not a manufacturing defect but natural property of Exotic wood; View The Home Depot's Hardwood Flooring Buying Guide. 3 synonyms for Juglans cinerea: butternut, butternut tree, white walnut. Juglans nigra factsheet at the Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation. Fairly drought tolerant. mandshurica var. The genus Juglans is divided into four sections [2]: Sect. Walnut wood is used for furniture, cabinets, architectural millwork, doors, flooring, paneling, and gun stocks. A walnut is the edible seed of a drupe, and thus not a true botanical nut. Wood Vendors also supplies Dimensional s4s, panels & flooring. It is seen both as a valuable tree and a serious landscape problem because it produces an allelopathic substance called. width/length: 14"/57" thickness variation: 0. Walnut lumber, turning wood, hobby wood and instrument wood. Juglans nigra. Native to southeast Europe to central Asia. Butternut (Juglans cinerea) Illustration by Mike Del Rizzo Butternut (Juglans cinerea) Butternut is one of Canada's "nut trees," known for producing hard, edible nuts. The Black Walnut is a grand tree that likes fertile rich hillsides where it is effective against erosion. Juglans cinerea butternut Juglans nigra black walnut Liriodendron tulipifera tulip tree Magnolia acuminata cucumber tree Dryopteris marginalis marginal wood fern. Can be stained to look like black walnut. , all native to East Asia, while section Trachycaryon consists of a single extant butternut, Juglans cinerea L. Black Walnut Gunstock Blanks and More: Culture of the Black Walnut Tree. In 1960, the Eames Office was commissioned by Time Inc. Native to south- west Asia, southeastern Europe. While many plants grow well in proximity to black walnut, there are certain plant species whose growth is hindered by this tree. The nuts produced by this tree are consumed by wildlife and are considered a valuable food source for many small mammals. Trees grow to over 75 feet tall. The nut of this walnut tree. It polishes to a very smooth finish, and the color ranges from creamy white in the sapwood to a dark chocolate in the heartwood. Tremors and seizures are seen at the height of the poisoning. single-family home is a 3 bed, 2. SPECIES: Juglans major WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : Arizona walnut is not an important timber tree due to its limited distribution and small bole size [ 17 ]. There are also producers in France, Australia and New Zealand. In addition responds well to steam bending. · Wood of the walnut tree. Name: European Walnut (Juglans regia)American Walnut (Juglans nigra), Butternut or White Walnut (J. 15,1931 Crown Rot of Juglans in California 891 in close agreement with that of Cookson (S) who further observed the hyphae as occurring occasionally in the wood vessels and in the wood Juglans and of. Black walnut tree, Juglans Nigra, Timber wood 1 yo, roots wrapped. Kolarý´k, E. Inner bark used as a laxative. Walnut is an edible seed of the tree nut Juglans regia. The wood is heavy, hard, and stiff and has high shock resistance. Fabric dye. Acoustic Guitar Wood - order today with StewMAX FREE Shipping! Main Menu View Cart View Cart. Vintage walnut furniture pieces are usually very warm in color. Section Juglans: Leaves are large (20–45 cm), with 5–9 broad leaflets, hairless, margins entire. Interesting Facts: Native Americans used the wood to fashion spears for hunting. Juglans collapsa Dode Juglans cordiformis Maxim. The leaves are imparipinnate, alternate and exstipulate. Strongly marked examples of the wood, usually Italian, are often described as Ancona Walnut. This applies to all members of the walnut family (Juglans) which include but are not limited to Black Walnut, Butternut, English Walnut, European Walnut, Claro Walnut and Persian Walnut. Tree Characteristics. Juglans regia / Walnut Study of transections of oak wood shows that vessels occur within patches of tracheids, which thereby should be called vasicentric tracheids. The most important product from the Juglans regia is, of course, its fruit. The word juglans is the classic Latin name of walnut, meaning nut of Jupiter. Our study population is located in a long, narrow valley and is surrounded by Pinus tabulaeformis. A wide variety of juglans regia extract options are available to you, There are 186 juglans regia extract suppliers, mainly located in Asia. The Colorado State University Guide to Poisonous Plants database lists trees, shrubs and perennials that can be harmful to animals. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more. Noteworthy Characteristics. HS Code of 44039924, Walnut wood (Juglans binata), Indian HS Classification 44039924, Harmonised Code 44039924, Duty Structure Walnut wood (Juglans binata). Juglans spp. Walnut wood is lumber cut from the trees of the Juglans genus. English/Turkish/French Walnut, is the king of woods when it comes to building a rifle stock. Sapwood is white but is usually steamed in the kiln to bleed some of the darker heartwood into it. , commonly known as common, English or Persian walnut, is an economically very important tree species, prized both for its nuts and for its attractive high-quality timber. Definition of juglans regia in the Definitions. Groff & Groff Lumber is a large supplier of Kiln-Dried, Domestic Hardwood and offer imported Exotic Woods to sell. white walnut) is a highly valued hardwood species native to eastern North American forests. Its use as a primary wood in antique furniture is considered an 'indicator' of an object’s origin. Pith with diaphragms, or without diaphragms. The main economic importance of the Black Walnut tree is it's wood. The wingspan of this moth is 6. Black Walnut Decline; unknown. The nuts can be used as a wood polish. Wood identification. " (Black Walnut) which is a close relative. Wood Menu / Full-Length Exotic Veneers. The roots of Black Walnut (Juglans nigra L. Macroscopic view showing growth ring boundaries as dark lines (vessels and pores). Butternut (Juglans cinerea L. It is the most widespread nut tree worldwide. In deeper soils it commonly has a central taproot and numerous widespread lateral roots. American Black Walnut (Juglans nigra) is one of the most valuable and unique species of hardwoods. This tree produces drooping clusters of sweet nuts which are used in baking and loved by wildlife. Innovative architects and designers have found creative ways to incorporate our premium products into thousands of projects. This has made it an excellent choice for fine furniture, veneer, gun stock and carving wood. And the nuts that grow on these wild trees are easy to process and delicious to eat. , edible nuts and used as carpentry wood and firewood Juglans australis Griseb. Annual rings are poorly cemented and the wood frequently comes apart as it is being worked. The Northern California English walnut is of the famous Franquette line. (Juglans nigra) look like green tennis balls on the tree and when they are freshly fallen. The English walnut is most highly prized for it's popular, edible nut. Wood Anatomy & Identification Alden, H. Heredity 108:391-404. Black walnut is more of a medicinal herb and its oil too possesses many medicinal. see more details \ Juglans nigra juglans nigra Subject Category: Organism Names see more details wood identification \ Salix nigra \ wood anatomy wood anatomy Subject Category: Disciplines, Occupations and Industries see more details \ Wood identification \ chemical tests tabular keys keys Subject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment. The crystals mostly druses. The refined oil is lighter in colour and has a longer shelf life. 45: Abstract: In the frame of the European research program W-BRAINS, we have jointly developed biochemical and histochemical approaches to characterise walnut wood (Juglans nigra L. It ranks with the most durable U. In different parts of the world in the making of houses, wood is used commonly like the flooring, frames of doors and windows for its strength and internment quality. This is one of the our country's classic hardwood species and is typically used on restoration and furniture projects in a variety of styles. The dry blanks are planed and then used for production of glued boards. Annual rings are poorly cemented and the wood frequently comes apart as it is being worked. For further information on how to identify carbonized wood , consult Core et al. 4 in), with 5–25 leaflets; the shoots have chambered pith, a character shared with the wingnuts (Pterocarya), but not. Better specimens have what is described as flame feather-crotch patterns. Lymphomyosot® Injection Solution is indicated for the temporary relief of swelling due to poor circulation, minor injury and environmental toxins. The question is, are pecan trees toxic to surrounding plants? Let. Fast growing, especially when young. Characteristics Color / Appearance Heartwood can range from a lighter pale brown to a da. mandshurica var. The leaves and fruit of a black walnut tree (Juglans nigra) in early autumn. 44039924 - Other: Wainut wood (Juglans binata) Updated India Import Duty and Custom duty of Customs tariff of 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009 in Single View. Botanical Name: Juglans Nigra Black Walnut lumber is prominently featured in high-quality furniture, cabinets, boats, musical instruments, clock cases, rifle butts and gun stocks. Meaning of juglans regia. Wood Rots and Decays (Many genus and species involved) Insect Damage. About Black Walnut at OSU's Landscape Plants site. It is a cousin of Black Walnut, but is softer and lighter. 0 out of 5 stars 1. Through history wood tables of all shapes and sizes have been used. Juglans duclouxiana Dode; Juglans fallax Dode. Sapwood is white. Debate can be infinite, so just thank the Internet shop. Juglans regia, the English or common walnut is a deciduous tree with shiny, feather-like leaves and fleshy, green fruits which contain the delicious nuts. Many planted over 100. It polishes to a very smooth finish, and the color ranges from creamy white in the sapwood to a dark chocolate in the heartwood. ) and hickory trees (Carya spp. Technically, the walnut fruit is not a nut, but rather a drupe —a stone fruit in which an outer fleshy skin surrounds a hardened shell protecting a seed inside. Only the heartwood of the tree is used in the Clear grade. Walnut and cherry wood are two different types of hardwoods. Note that American walnut has a white sapwood. ) is a large, deciduous. 27 acre lot and features 3 bedrooms and 3 bathrooms. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy - loamy to loamy. The tree is closely related to black walnut (Juglans nigra L. This means that the term "walnut wood" is extremely generic!. Wood Name WALNUT, EUROPEAN Figure or Cut Burl Description A breathtaking selection of European and even prized 'Circassian' burls from the deep forests of Russia. The nuts are of inferior quality to Juglans regia, but these and other walnut species are grown for the excellent quality of their timber. Butternut (Juglans) - also Black Walnut and English (Persian) Walnut. Black walnut oil has got its own unique combination of health benefits, which are quite different from the common walnut oil. The walnut family also includes butternut and the hickories. My Circassian walnut (Juglans Regia) is sold in 4 grades. Overharvesting of trees for the wood has greatly reduced the native populations in the wild. duclouxiana Dode, J. Juglans nigra L. The common walnut (Juglans regia L. Wood is extremely valuable. Good high-yielding main crop. The rich brown color is frequently accented with a light coat of penetrating stain which brings out the figure in these wood veneer sheets. Walnut timber is commonly used for gun stocks due to the compression resistance along the grain of the wood. This applies to all members of the walnut family (Juglans) which include but are not limited to Black Walnut, Butternut, English Walnut, European Walnut, Claro Walnut and Persian Walnut. Availability. Fresh wood chips from trees high in alleopathic chemicals, such as a black walnut (Juglans nigra), suitable for U. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. The word juglans is the classic Latin name of walnut, meaning nut of Jupiter. Funt Jane Martin The roots of Black Walnut (Juglans nigra L. Fairly drought tolerant. The walnut wood has found its way into the kitchen in the form of plates and spoons, while the farmer employed the wood for animal yokes and water jugs. Juglans neotropica is known by the trade names nogal and Peruvian walnut. ): critical factors for the induction of the rooting 705_78 wood properties and utilisation potentials of walnut. Butternut Juglans cinerea. Southeast Europe to central Asia. Precious Wood: Walnut Burl (Juglans regia) TABU’s multilaminar wood veneers for Samsara, @antesdesign collection. Juglans nigra. The Black Walnut is a grand tree that likes fertile rich hillsides where it is effective against erosion. And the nuts that grow on these wild trees are easy to process and delicious to eat. Walnut and cherry wood are two different types of hardwoods. He made a delicious butternut soup. The Poisonous Plant Guide is constructed to enable location of a plant by either knowing the common or botanical name of the plant. The rind of unripe fruits is a good source of tannin. Easy to Mill. rubra Krussman (1986) Other Scientific Names. Con un brief muy simple y dándoles total libertad, me han sorprendido con estanterías y guardarropas muy originales y con el toque vintage que nos gusta. ) wood characteristics in two Italian plantations The Woodnat project (H2020) has the goal of identifying the problems that led to poor yields in walnut plantations established under the financial support of EU 2080/92 Regulation and Rural Development Programme, and of improving the market demand for smaller. It prefers full sun exposure and moist, well-drained soil. American black walnut is a medium to large hardwood, native to the eastern regions of North America. Burly stumps are also a valuable source of wood for veneers, gunstocks, and wood turning blanks. Claro Walnut (Juglans Hindsii) This is very similar to Eastern Black Walnut. It's a fast growing medium sized deciduous tree, often planted as a shade tree. The wood is hard. Our attention to detail with final sanding and finishing will have some. Many planted over 100. This article is within the scope of WikiProject Food and drink, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of food and drink related articles on Wikipedia. French Walnut (juglans regia) Of the 40 odd species of Walnut, this strong close grain wood is the most highly prized by master stockmakers for its strength, beauty and machining qualities. It polishes to a very smooth finish, and the color ranges from creamy white in the sapwood to a dark chocolate in the heartwood. Vintage walnut furniture pieces are usually very warm in color. sigillata (Iron walnut), J. Juglans nigra L. for Guitar – Instrument – Tonal Woods. I store them in a dry place and peel the shell away just before use.